The National Highways, the government body which runs the motorways, has successfully obtained High Court interim injunctions against Persons Unknown. This relates to the group Insulate Britain, which has been involved in protests blocking major roads. The protest group is calling for insulation to be placed in social housing by 2025, and in all homes by 2030. More than 100 Insulate Britain activists have been served, either in person or through alternative forms of service, with the interim injunctions. An injunction is a court order that can direct a party to perform certain acts, or that can require a party to refrain from doing a specific act. An interim injunction is a temporary injunction, which is typically granted pending further order or until trial. The original interim injunction was granted to the National Highways on 21 September 2021 banning such protests on the M25. This was followed by a further interim injunction on 24 September 2021 restricting protests at the Port of Dover. Subsequently, a third interim injunction was granted preventing protestors from obstructing access to all motorways and major A-roads in and around London. It stipulates that activists must not damage the road surface or infrastructure whilst also preventing them from gluing themselves to the road or abandoning their vehicles. Activists who breach the injunctions, or help/permit others to breach, could be found to be in contempt of court, which could result in a custodial sentence of up to two years and/or unlimited fines. A return date hearing listed for 5 October 2021 was recently adjourned to enable all three injunctions to be dealt with together. At the upcoming hearing, Insulate Britain will be given the opportunity to challenge aspects of the interim injunctions. At a return date hearing, a judge will typically decide if the interim injunction is to continue until the trial of the claim, when a permanent injunction can be granted. However, in response to the protests, the government has indicated that new powers will be introduced through an amendment in the Police, Crime, Courts and Sentencing Bill. A non-exhaustive list of other circumstances when injunctions could be used include the following:
- Damaging statements to a business;
- Protection against personal harm;
- Publication of libellous material;
- Excessive noise or nuisance; and
- Trespass to goods or property.
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